A study of over 500 women in engineering reveals lack of self-confidence leads to program drop-outs, while support networks lead to improved retention. The GPAs of women who dropped out were as high as those retained.

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Copyright © 1997 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Reprinted from, Brainard, Suzanne G. Ph.D, and Linda Carlin, "A Longitudinal Study of Undergraduate Women in Engineering and Science," Proceedings from the ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, 1997. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Such permission of the IEEE does not in any way imply IEEE endorsement of any of the products or services of the Institute for Women in Trades, Technology & Science (IWITTS). Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.